Happy 195th Birthday, Anna Sewell

"My doctrine is this, that if we see cruelty or wrong that we have the power to stop, and do nothing, we make ourselves sharers in the guilt."

Happy Birthday, Anna Sewell, the author of Black Beauty.

March 30, 1820 (Great Yarmouth, UK) - April 25, 1878

Portrait of Karl Radek

from The Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Library.

from The Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Library.

“Life provides material for its agitation which makes its general views comprehensible to the masses.” - Karl Radek

Karl Radek was a prominent figure of the Communist International (Komintern or III International).

Born in Ukraine in 1885, Karl Radek was a revolutionary. He joined Lenin during his exile in Switzerland ; after the October Revolution, he came back to Russia and became Vice-Commissar for Foreign Affairs. In 1920, he became the Secretary of the Komintern. A political opponent of Grigori Zinoviev, he was ousted from the Executive Committee of the Communist International in 1924. A supporter of Trotsky, he was seen with suspicion by Stalin, and was expelled from the Party in 1927. However, he regained a political influence in the early 1930s, becoming Stalin's foreign policy advisor. He collaborated in the preparation of the Soviet Constitution in 1935, but the following year he was charged with treason in Stalin's Great Purge, and sentenced to imprisonment. He disappeared in 1939, while in prison.

The document is a reproduction of a photo made by photographer V. Shabel'skii.

Happy Birthday, J.R.R. Tolkien

Happy 123rd Birthday, to John Ronald Reuel Tolkien. Born January 3, 1892, in Bloemfontein, South Africa.

“All that is gold does not glitter,

Not all those who wander are lost;

The old that is strong does not wither,

Deep roots are not reached by the frost.

From the ashes a fire shall be woken,

A light from the shadows shall spring;

Renewed shall be blade that was broken,

The crownless again shall be king.”

― The Fellowship of the Ring